Emily Bryson ELT

Emily Bryson ELT speaking at IATEFL 2019 about creating accessible learning materials

Key takeaways from IATEFL 2019

I like to write up my reflections from conferences because I often leave overwhelmed with ideas. Blogging about it helps me focus on the main points and lets me share my experiences with people couldn’t make it along. Here goes!

Diversity and Inclusion

I couldn’t blog about IATEFL 2019 without mentioning what Chia Suan Chong identified in her ETProfessional blog as one of the three key themes of IATEFL 2019.  My conference started at the IATEFL ESOL SIG PCE, where Jenifah Abu-Hassan shared her activity ideas promoting gender equality in the ESOL classroom and Philida Schellekens shone her light on differentiating tasks in multi-level classrooms.  I spoke about Creating Accessible Learning Materials, outlining which which fonts and colours to use to meet the needs of learners with specific learning differences and how to be inclusive to all protected characteristics in the classroom.

Speaking about Creating Accessible Learning Materials
Speaking about Creating Accessible Learning Materials at the ESOL SIG PCE

The importance of including protected characteristics in ELT materials, especially LGBTQIA, seems to be gaining momentum. Jennifer McDougall and Francesca Stella spoke about their FREE LGBT resource the Intimate Migrations toolkit and Tyson Seburn shared an example of how LGBTQIA can be included and normalised within a coursebook.  His talk wowed me so much that I was inspired to tweet him as a ‘world changer’.  Here’s hoping the world changes.

Changing the world!

Multisensory learning, improv and the importance of getting people moving

One IATEFL moment that has always stuck in my head was a workshop Johanna Stirling delivered at IATEFL Brighton in 2011.  She was promoting what has long been one of my favourite ELT books, Teaching Spelling to English Language Learners.  After a long day of talks, Johanna had us all up spelling words with our bodies (full body spelling I think she calls it).  It was great fun.  And to this day it remains my favourite IATEFL workshop ever.

I was delighted to see that Johanna was speaking not only at the ESOL PCE, but also at the main conference.  At the PCE Johanna had us all standing up, and running round the room to teach us ways to break down affective barriers and help our students to spell. She also shared a highly useful site for making word shape worksheets. At the main conference, her topic was Improv, and she had us all out of our seats and out of our comfort zones using a variety of communicative activities which I’m sure my students will love.

Talks I wish I’d seen

The beauty of IATEFL is that you learn as much chatting to other delegates as you do from the workshops.  I was lucky enough to sit beside Maria Belen Albarracin Fernandez who spoke about using Virtual Reality in the classroom but whose talk I didn’t get to see.  She showed me her VR camera and the amazing resources that she’d made with it. If she speaks next year, I’ll be there!

I also wish I’d seen the one about using Lego!  I bumped into my friend and colleague, Rosie Quin, after she attended Richard Venner‘s workshop on using Lego in the classroom.  I love Lego and was inspired by the idea.  Fingers crossed the college budget can extend to a box or two!

The winning ticket!

One thing I love about IATEFL is the opportunity to win and this year I won!  The MaWSIG signature event had a prize draw and I won all these lovely SfEP resources. They’re great!

Lots of lovely books!

Free resources for Beauty Therapy

Having written a variety of vocational ESOL courses over the years, I was excited to hear about these resources for Beauty Therapists.

ESL resources for Beauty Therapy

An expected meeting!

Just before the conference my pal Maria, who works at the British Council in Valencia, said to me ‘Look out for my pals Craig and Nelson from the BC, they’re going to IATEFL’.  I agreed to do so but was sceptical of the chances of bumping into such a needle in a haystack.

Just after my very last talk, as I was about to leave the ACC for the last time, I noticed the words ‘British Council Valencia’ on a name badge.  And there they were! Some things are meant to be.  We chatted.  They were lovely and I wish I could have spent more time with them.  I guess I’ll just need to hop on over to Valencia in summer now.

BC Valencia

What were your highlights of IATEFL 2019?

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Emily Bryson ELT. Engaging Learners with Simple Drawings. Graphic Facilitation for English Language Teaching Professionals. Online Course. Group Programme. Simple drawing of a laptop with the text 'online course'.

Emily Bryson A-Z of ESOL. Book of photocopiable activities for English language teachers

10 principles of ESOL teaching

I’m delighted to now be included on the prestigious site for teachers teaching teachers, EFL Talks, alongside the likes of Dorothy Zemach, Pete Sharma, Julie Pratten, Andrew Walkley, Sue Leather, Russell Stannard and Anne Margaret-Smith!  You can access my talk  about the 10 principles of ESOL teaching here.  To complement the talk, I figured I should blog about it too.

While you read, why not see if you can spot the differences between my blog and my EFLTalk?

A principle is a basic theory or belief that influences how we do things.  Over my years as an ESOL lecturer, I’ve developed my own principles which influence how I teach.  Everyone is different and these are my own personal principles suited to my own teaching context.  I’d like to share them with you so that you can reflect on your own principles related to your own teaching context.

1. Be learner centred

ESOL learners must be at the heart of every lesson.  The social practices approach puts learners at the centre of all learning.  If a learner has a broken shower, for example, the teacher may deliver a lesson on how to arrange for a building repair.

EFL Talks screenshot
This is the Scottish adult ESOL curriculum wheel.  It places learners at the centre of all learning. 

2.  Keep it appropriate

With learners are at the heart of all learning, it is crucial that lessons are appropriate to their needs.  Traditional EFL coursebooks are not tailored to the needs of ESOL learners so teachers must adapt them or find materials that are appropriate.  Although I do use a coursebook with my classes for the essential grammar input, I like to adapt it for my learners.  For example, common nationalities in coursebooks are German, Japanese and Brazilian.  I don’t have any of these nationalities in my classes, so I tend to focus on the nationalities in the class – in my context, Eritrean, Syrian, Iranian and Chinese.

In general, I’ll skip over any lessons in the coursebook that I think don’t relate to my students.  More often than not, these are the ones with famous people (mostly white English speaking celebrities unfamiliar to my students).  I’ve found that students are much more interested in people who they are familiar with or who inspire them in their lives.  With that in mind, I’ve made classroom materials for my classes about people that my students have told me that they love.  To name but a few: Adnan Karim (Kurdish singer), Tayeb Salih (Sudanese writer), Malala Yousafzai (Pakistani activist) and Tsegai Tewelde, (British Olympic marathon runner).  Tsegai is originally from Eritrea and I had the pleasure of teaching him briefly many moons ago before he decided professional running was more exciting than my lessons!

3. Keep it real

The social practices approach focuses on equipping learners with the functional skills they need for their daily lives.  They may need to know how to read a school report or what to do in an emergency situation.  I’ve had students that told me they phoned an ambulance because they had a bad headache, or that the fire services visited them when they used a disposable barbeque on the balcony of their high rise flat.  It goes without saying that I thought it important to create a lesson on the emergency services for my book, the A-Z of ESOL.  The lesson helps students assess  which service they should call,  which number to dial and whether they even need to call.

4. Include literacy

Many ESOL students have ‘jagged profiles’.  They may be confident with speaking and listening but have minimal literacy skills.  Even at higher levels, I find myself reminding students to write in sentences, use paragaphs and not to forget their capital letters.  At lower levels, I spend a lot of time on reading, writing, phonics and spelling.

5. Include ICT

We are living in a digital world yet many of my students lack confidence with computers.  In some cases, they struggle to use ‘shift’ to add a capital letter or use a mouse.  I’ve lost count of how many times I’ve reset the Virtual Learning Environment passwords for my beginner students, but we’ll get there.  We always do. Never give up, no matter how frustrating it may be is my mantra!  If I’m in a classroom without computers, I’ll ask students to use their smartphones.  This gives them the confidence to access the VLE from home.  I also encourage them to find IT classes in the local community (often in the local library).

6. Encourage employability

To me, employability is the 5th skill.  Finding a job in an English speaking country is challenging not only because of the language barrier, but also because it can be a whole new process.  In some countries, if you want to find a job you may just ask your family and friends, or go to a local roundabout where recruiters will ask around for the skills they are looking for. The idea of selling yourself on paper, identifying skills and qualities and dressing appropriately for an interview can be very alien concepts.

I had one student who went to an interview wearing their winter coat and trainers while another learner said ‘no’ when asked if she was ‘trustworthy’ simply because she didn’t understand the word.  Now I teach important personality adjectives to my beginners using images and antonyms.  ‘Punctual’ is a pretty simple to teach to a class full of latecomers on ‘ESOL time’.  I also teach more practical jobs vocabulary; forklift driver, warehouse operative and cleaner are more useful to ESOL learners than ‘pilot’ and ‘journalist’!

7. Study skills

I often find that the students that progress quickly are the ones that have completed high school or further education in their own country.  They have the study skills to know that they are responsible for their own learning, they do their homework and they study at home.

I teach my learners how to copy notes from the whiteboard (the same as they are laid out on the board), which worksheets to keep for further reference and which ones they can use once for practice and chuck in the bin later. I encourage them to use vocabulary notebooks and encourage them to take graded readers out of the library.  I also teach them the look, say, cover, write, check method to practise their spelling at home and give them homework every lesson.

student notebook
I like to take photos of my students’ notebooks. I now have a collection that I can use in class to show students examples of how to (and how not to) take notes.

8. Intercultural communication

ESOL classes are multicultural. I can have ten or more nationalities in a room at one time so it’s essential that they understand and respect each other.  I often find that students who speak the same language or are from the same country sit together.  At the start of each lesson, I take a minute to try to split up any cliques and encourage students to sit with someone different every day.  I also get them chatting about their cultures and beliefs and take them on class trips to places of worship of religions that they may not be familiar to them.

9. Embrace taboos

Whilst coursebooks shy away from taboo subjects such as politics, religion, sex, sexual orientation, abuse and discrimination, I think it’s extremely important to include these in the ESOL classroom.  Learners need to know about the politics of the area they live in, the religious beliefs of their classmates, LGBT rights and what to do if they experience abuse or discrimination.  You may want to arrange a guest speaker to discuss these topics.  For more ideas, you can read my blog on including LGBT issues in the ESOL classroom.

10.  Create Opportunities for Language Acquisition

I’ve also blogged about this before, but ESOL students are very lucky that their local area can be their classroom.  The students that progress the most quickly are the ones that are out and about volunteering, working or attending a local club or community group. I like to use the K for Knowing local people and places lesson from my book, the A-Z of ESOL, when encouraging my learners to get involved.  Students read some examples of activities in a local area before discussing what they might like to do and what opportunities are available in their local area.

In conclusion…

These are my ten principles of ESOL teaching.  They influence how I teach and they inspired the lessons in my A-Z of ESOL. What are your principles?  I’d love to hear from you, or chat to you in person.

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English UK conference 2019 in Edinburgh Emily Bryson ELT - image of doorway to venue

Reflections from the English UK Scotland conference

I was delighted to be asked to speak at the star studded English UK Scotland conference at Mackenzie School of English in Edinburgh on Saturday 23rd February.   It was a fabulous day and I was heartened to feel a sense of community with fellow ELT professionals up here in Scotland.

Image courtesy of Jon Hird

First up was Mark Hancock, the master of pronunciation. He spoke about the 4Ms of pronunciation (Muscle, Mind, Meaning and Memory) and furnished us with an imaginative array of activities to get students to understand how to physically produce sounds, figure out the differences between sounds, understand the meaning of the words and phrases, then, ultimately, remember them. His book, Pronunciation Games, has long been a favourite of mine and the first thing I did on getting back to college after the conference was ask my line manager for a copy of his ELTon award winning PronPack for our staff room.

I got lucky with my slot as I was directly after Mark’s, leaving the rest of the day to relax and absorb everyone’s great ideas. I was Literally Speaking about speaking, a skill that is much sought after by students, employers, volunteer coordinators, potential friends and (eye roll) the Home Office!  You can read more of my thoughts on this in my previous blog post about speaking.

Next up was Emma Cresswell from International House, Aberdeen.  She gave a thoroughly engaging workshop on the vibrant and intricate history of the English language and gave us all some insights into why spelling and pronunciation of words often makes no sense whatsoever (just think of all the different ways to pronounce ‘ough’ to name but one).  Her talk ended with loads of ideas to practise spelling in the classroom and she even gave us some homework: The history of the English language in ten minutes.

Carole Anne Robinson is a Senior Trainer at Nile.  She took us on a journey exploring the usefulness of skimming, scanning and comprehension questions for reading texts then introduced us to a an inspiring selection of alternatives.  One of my favourites was Johanna Stirling‘s, ‘Reading with a pen’ idea in which learners read a text and mark the key points, then read again and mark any information that is new to them before reading one final time to rate how much they agree with it.  That’s my next reading lesson prepped!

Corinne Wales put me in the mood for digging my teeth into some research in the near future.  She has found that many DipTESOL students are hindered in their research by busy teaching commitments and that working together with schools the student and organisation can complete research which is mutually beneficial.  It made me wonder if there is scope for short, certifiable research to be carried out by post-Dip teachers who’d like to dip their toes (pun intended) back into research.  Does such a thing exist?

After a quick coffee and a leftover lunch buffet break, it was back to the main room for Adrian Doff.  He explored informal assessment in the classroom as well as the principles of learning oriented assessment and their application to the classroom.  As the closing keynote ELT focused session, his talk was engaging, informative and got us all thinking how to use ‘can-do statements’ to evaluate learners’ progress.

line up English UK Scotland

After six thought provoking sessions, I could hear my own brain whirring uncontrollably, but then Colin McGuire bounced onto the floor!  He took us through a 3 minute mindfulness session, which was exactly what my overstimulated brain needed.  He continued with a quickfire bounce and pounce activity asking us to reflect on things we are grateful for before launching into one of the most infectiously energetic poetry readings I’ve ever seen.  His poetry is poignant, funny and most definitely worth a read (or better, going to see).

Verbs and Tenses_Jon Hird small
As a little bonus to an already fantastic day, Jon Hird gave me a copy of this wonderful little pocket book.  It’ll be my desktop pal from now on!

Thanks so much to the English UK Scotland team and to all the speakers for making this such a pure dead brilliant (as we say in Scotland) day.  It was a tough call choosing which sessions to go to and I’m sad to have missed so many of the other pros.  Fingers crossed I get to see them some time in the future.

Roll on the next English UK Scotland conference.

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Emily Bryson ELT. Engaging Learners with Simple Drawings. Graphic Facilitation for English Language Teaching Professionals. Online Course. Group Programme. Simple drawing of a laptop with the text 'online course'.

Emily Bryson ELT wordshapes for ESOL Literacy learners

What I learned at the NATECLA Scotland conference

I had the pleasure of attending NATECLA Scotland‘s conference on Saturday 3rd November. As usual with these events, I left brimming with ideas.   Here’s my (somewhat belated) rundown of the day!

NATECLA Scotland Conf Advert v5

Amanda Avison – I say, you say

Amanda Avison was my first port of call and I don’t say this lightly when I say that her talk was revelatory.  I wish I’d attended her talk way back at the start of my teaching career, or at least during my Diploma.

I’ve always known that my west coast of Scotland accent just didn’t cut the mustard on the Received Pronunciation IPA chart.  Myself (and most of my colleagues) were the black sheep, avoiding /u:/ and /ÊŠ/ when they came up in the book (food and full are absolutely the same sound) but over-dramatising the long ‘a’ in /cÉ‘:/ (car) before drilling students to roll their /r/s!

Amanda’s talk was so refreshing because it focused on how my accent sounds, rather than how my accent is supposed to sound. Here’s some examples:

/u:/ and /ʊ/ are the same sound /ʉ/ (e.g. food and full)

/æ/ and /ɑː/ are also the same sound /a/ (e.g. tap and staff)

/ɪər/ as in beer or ear is more of an /i:r/ in my world.

So Amanda wins the medal for inclusive practices in pronunciation teaching!  I left having experienced one of those lightbulb moments, and with my own personal phonemic chart, just for my own wee accent.  If you get a chance to see her, you too could have your own.

Rosie Quin – ESOL Literacy – Creating Accessible Resources for Adult Learners

My dear colleague, Rosie, is always inspiring to me. Having taught ESOL Literacies for years, she knows her stuff.  ESOL Literacies teachers have even fewer options for off the shelf resources than ESOL teachers, so Rosie has embraced the language experience model of teaching.

The language experience approach allows learners to connect their experiences with speaking, listening, reading and writing.  Starting with an object or an image, the class create a short text using their own language skills.  The text is then exploited to allow as much practice of the words as possible. This could be scrambled word/letter activities, gap fills of words within a text or letters within a word, circling words with certain letters or sounds or using word shapes (see image below) to assist with spelling and letter formation.

word shapes

Rosie also spoke about the importance of phonics for literacy.  The Jolly Phonics approach is widely used to teach reading in schools.  And it works.  Rosie starts off the academic year teaching her students the basic sounds that accompany letters – and that sounds and the names of letters are different. She’s strict about training students to differentiate ‘sounds’ (finger to ear) and ‘letters’ (hand on head).

The first six sounds in Jolly Phonics are s, a, t, p, n, i and students are then taught various words with these letters (e.g tap, sit, at) before moving on to the more advanced sounds and blends (e.g. ck, e, h, r, m, d > man, pack).  For more information and a list of sound sequences, visit the Jolly Phonics site.

Kenji Lamb – ESOL and technologies

Last but not least was Kenji, a super-enthusiastic speaker who raved about the use of Lego and elastic bands for teaching syllables and word stress. He also renewed my faith in speech to text technology. For those of you that have seen the Burnistoun Voice Recognition Scottish Accent comedy sketch, you’ll know the pain that us Scots have to go through and I’m sure you can imagine how successful voice to text is for us!

But in fact, Kenji demonstrated, successfully, that https://dictation.io/speech and GoogleDocs (Ctrl+Shift+S to activate voice typing) both actually have pretty effective voice to text functionality.  Very handy when all students can use them for free on their phones to practise their pronunciation at home, or collaborate on group projects.

Even more exciting was when he showed us how to use the captions function in GoogleSlides!  In ‘present’ mode, you can turn captions on, which will display subtitles for every word you say (as long as you have a microphone, of course)!

Kenji recommended a whole host of websites to support students’ learning.  For those students needing extra writing practice, Kenji suggested www.quill.org and for karaoke loving students, www.lyricstraining.com.  For pronunciation, www.youglish.com searches YouTube videos for specific words so that students can hear a range of pronunciations.

The Ruth Hayman Trust

I was delighted to hear about the wonderful work of the Ruth Hayman Trust.  Set up by NATECLA in honour of their first secretary, Ruth Hayman, the trust is run entirely by volunteers.  They provide ‘educational grants to people who have come to settle in the UK and whose first language is not English’.  You can find more information and donate here. 

And finally….

Thank you NATECLA Scotland for such a great and inspiring day.  It’s a shame I had to choose between so many great talks.  Participants were buzzing about Glasgow ESOL forum, Steve Brown and Berenice Hunter, but perhaps my poor little brain would have exploded if I’d heard any more good ideas!

I should mention that I also spoke about my principles of teaching ESOL.  Watch this space, as I will blog about this in the future!

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Emily Bryson ELT. Engaging Learners with Simple Drawings. Graphic Facilitation for English Language Teaching Professionals. Online Course. Group Programme. Simple drawing of a laptop with the text 'online course'.

Emily Bryson ELT - ways to get studenst speaking - give them a collaboartive task. Image is of a bridge made out of paper which students made as a team.

Literally speaking! Ten ideas to get ELT students talking.

I spoke at the City of Glasgow ESOL conference in June.  I literally spoke about speaking.

Speaking is arguably the most important skill in English.  Without the ability to speak confidently, students can’t access social, educational and employment opportunities.

So how do we help our students improve their speaking skills?  Here’s ten ideas.

1. Engaging topics

If students want to talk about something, they’ll speak.  If students don’t want to talk about something, they won’t.  This seems simplistic but I don’t speak about things I don’t want to speak about, so why should we expect them to!?  If someone or something annoys me, I’ll talk about it.  If I don’t relate to a topic or know anything about it, I won’t talk about it.  Simple. Get them engaged.

2. Annoying topics

In short, annoy them (just a little).  Ask them about their pet hates, their least favourite words (in any language), or anything else they can moan about (including politics).  Let’s be honest, as much as we like pretending to be positive, we all love a good moan!

3. Relevant topics

When selecting relevant topics, think about what they need.  My students are much more engaged in role plays about calling the emergency services, arranging a building repair or preparing for a job interview than speaking about some famous person they’ve never heard of!  You can download a sample lesson on building repairs here.

4. Devote class time

Speaking can often be taken for granted in class. The majority of schemata activating warmers and free practice activities are spoken. This year, my college decided to trial speaking skills classes.  For one hour each week, students could attend a skills class based on whatever they needed to work on the most.  This really allowed them (and me) to focus on improving fluency, accuracy, pronunciation and register with the students that lacked confidence in their speaking abilities.

5. Give planning time

I’ve mentioned this in a previous blog post, but I’ll say it again because it’s important. Jon Hird, a lecturer at the University of Oxford, did some fabulous research and found that giving students time to plan before a speaking task significantly improves their fluency and accuracy.  Students who planned before a speaking task paused less during the interaction and were 11% more accurate than those who did not plan.  I have adopted this with my pre-intermediate+ students ever since seeing his talk.  I did, however, trial this with my beginners and was met with mostly blank stares – so when teaching beginners, scaffolding, drilling and pre-teaching vocabulary and lexical chunks is key.

6. Have a purpose


I’m a big fan of project based and task based learning.  Giving students an immersive task and getting them to work together to achieve a shared goal really gets students talking.  Think about giving them some paper and sellotape and asking them to build a bridge together, or some spaghetti and marshmallows and have them compete to build the tallest tower in the class, or get them to do each other’s hair and nails or teach each other to cook something from their country.

7. COLA: Create Opportunities for Language Acquisition

I think this is so important that I’ve already blogged about this and I’ve even created my own acronym for it. Students that are good speakers use their English outside the classroom.  They work, volunteer or get involved in social clubs and community groups.  We, as teachers, need to encourage them to get out and about.  We can do this by holding discussions about hobbies, interests and local places where they can practise their English or referring them to websites like meetup.com and bringing in adverts for local opportunities.  More ideas on my previous blog post. 

8. Relaxed atmosphere

A relaxed atmosphere is crucial. If a classroom is quiet, play some music so that less confident students don’t feel anxious about others overhearing their conversation. Try some breathing exercises with the class before they start.  Smile and give encouraging feedback.  And think about your pairings; asking the weakest and strongest students in the class to work together may only result in the confident student dominating the conversation and the less confident student feeling inadequate.

9. Focus on one thing at a time

I have recently been learning how to swim front crawl more efficiently.  I know that I need to focus on my body rotation, on looking at the lane ropes when I breathe (and not the ceiling), on engaging my core, on keeping my arms wide, on a strong catch, and on my head position when I exhale.  If I think about all of this at the same time whilst swimming, I end up swimming more slowly.  When encouraging students to speak, it’s also wise to give them just one thing to focus on; their pronunciation of the recently learned vocabulary, the one single grammar point they studied that day, using only formal language, being polite, etc.

10. Variety of activities

Variety is the spice of life.  Here are some of the activities that I used with my speaking skills class this year: role plays, information gaps, presentations, dramas, discussion questions, storytelling, find someone who, drills, interviews, speed ‘dating’ conversations, immersive activities and using pictures (describing what they see, ordering events, predicting the past and future, giving the people in the picture a voice, etc).

How do you teach speaking skills?  Any ideas you’d like to share?

If you’d like more innovative ideas, tips and tricks about teaching speaking, why not check out my courses? Click the laptop icon to find out more! 

Emily Bryson ELT. Engaging Learners with Simple Drawings. Graphic Facilitation for English Language Teaching Professionals. Online Course. Group Programme. Simple drawing of a laptop with the text 'online course'.

Emily Bryson ELT promoting the ESOL Intimate Migrations LGBT toolkit - free resource for English Language Teachers to incorporate LGBT into the classroom. Image is of a family - two mums and their daughter

Including LGBT issues in the ELT classroom.

Intimate migrations_family (2)Image Courtesy of Intimate Migrations

My first experience of discussing LGBT issues in the ESOL classroom was not a positive one. It became a ‘critical incident’ in my ELT teaching career.  It all started with the film Life in a Day which shows a snapshot of many different film-makers across the globe going about their lives on the 24th of July 2010.  The film has a scene with a same sex couple which got my students ‘talking’ after watching.  When I say talking, I mean screaming that it was ‘an abomination’ accompanied by the beating fists on the table.  The lesson ended with me simply drawing attention to the 2010 Equality Act’s nine protected characteristics and asking students to be aware that in the UK everyone has the right to equal treatment and respect.

This incident really made me reflect on my student’s backgrounds.  The students involved were very religious, and from countries that have severe punishments for being gay.  Of course they’d be shocked at the idea of same sex couples.  That was everything they’d experienced for most of their lives; just like all I’d been taught for my entire life was tolerance and that homosexuality is completely natural.  Was it really my place to try to change their minds?  Was that imposing my beliefs?  But then I also have the duty to promote the Equality Act as part of my role as ESOL Lecturer.  I had some staff room chats and we came to the conclusion that we could make students aware of all the protected characteristics and encourage students to treat each other with respect.

Since then I’ve been finding more creative ways to cover these topics and introduce equality and diversity issues. Mostly, I like ‘drip-feeding’ by mentioning briefly in passing at any available opportunity that relationships can be same-sex.  The first time I do this, I’m often met with shocked looks or sniggers.  The second time with slightly less shock and after a while with just an eye-roll and a ‘Yes, teacher, we know, let’s go back to the lesson!’

Although sex is a ‘parsnip‘ (aka taboo) subject in most ELT coursebooks and published materials, I am thankful that my own Publisher, Academic Study Kit, are forward thinking and allowed the inclusion of equality and diversity within my book.  D is for Diversity is one of my favourite lessons for introducing the protected characteristics.  It gives an example of each and encourages students to discuss how each might face discrimination. F is for Forms doesn’t hold back on the equalities monitoring and allows teachers to introduce diversity from starter level.

I always think that Equality and Diversity should be integrated throughout the teaching programme so I was delighted that Intimate Migrations now also have an ESOL resource pack for promoting LGBT awareness. I have used it in the classroom and can safely say that it was a hit with the students.  I did the lesson on protected characteristics (first using my D for Diversity lesson from the A-Z of ESOL as a warmer) then followed up with Nadya and Marta‘s story.  Introducing the protected characteristics first was a great way to get them interacting with equality issues in general, seeing the bigger picture and reflecting on their own experiences.

Nadya and Marta’s story is a true story of a same sex couple that moved from Poland to Scotland so that they could have the legal right to get married and have children (with both their names on the birth certificate).  The story raised a lot of discussion points, including having the freedom to live as you wish to live, and how same sex couples can become parents (new vocabulary: IVF, adoption, surrogacy).  I then asked students to write about one protected characteristic of their choice and compare how people with that characteristic are treated in their home country and in Scotland.  Interestingly, the majority chose LGBT rights.  The responses were reflective and respectful and at emotional.

If you’d like more ideas on integrating LGBT rights into the ELT curriculum then Laila El Metoui and Derek Philip-Xu have great blogs to check out. Tyson Seburn’s How to Write Inclusive Materials is also a must have!

I hope these teaching ideas have inspired you. Do you know of any other ways to teach LGBT issues in the classroom?  What experiences have you had?

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IATEFL 2018 – five things I will do before IATEFL 2019!

head exploding

Every time I go to IATEFL, I leave with a head so full of ideas that I genuinely fear it may burst!  I have so many ideas that they mostly fall by the wayside. Not this time! This time I have my trusty blog – and a list of five things I promise to do before the conference in Liverpool next year!

1. Allow students planning time before a speaking activity. 

Jon Hird spoke about how giving students time to plan before a speaking task really bridges the divide between accuracy and fluency.  He shared some research that showed that students who planned before a speaking task paused less during the interaction and were 11% more accurate than those that did not plan.  My students will be getting more planning time in their speaking classes from now on! You can download Jon’s handout here.

2. Promote the BBC Learn English website with my Eritrean students.

I’m always looking for useful websites that students can use at home.  I often find that it’s really easy to signpost lower level learners that speak Arabic, Chinese or Spanish to online learning platforms (e.g. Babbel).  However, my Eritrean students often miss out.  Not any more!  It turns out that the BBC Learn English Website is also in Tigrinya!  Happy days!

3. Be (more) mindful!

Rachael Roberts, as usual, left me bursting with ideas for the classroom.  In this case, she also left me bursting with ideas for life!  I do endeavor to be mindful.  I really do, but sometimes I can’t turn off what Rachael calls the ‘lizard brain’.  That’s all the negative thoughts ‘Why will anyone want to read my blog?’ and ‘That activity was rubbish.’ are common ones. Just being aware that everyone has a lizard that must be quietened or silenced so we can get on with the fun, happy thoughts is a step in the right direction.  Buddhify and Headspace are apps that Rachael recommended in her talk.


She also recommended getting the class in the right mood for learning.  Starting the class with a calming conversation or a fun puzzle; doing a quick breathing exercise or asking your students to close their eyes for a minute and listen to the sounds to relax them; fostering an atmosphere of positivity… and of course breaking up the lesson with a random fun video of a baby laughing!  Everyone loves a laughing baby video!

4. Appreciate resources.

I teach at a well-resourced Further Education College.  I am lucky that I can pretty much ask for any book (within reason) and it will magically appear on my desk a couple of weeks later (more or less). Dorothy Zemach‘s hard-hitting plenary (how can you mention IATEFL 2018 without mentioning that plenary) really hit home about the squeeze on all involved in ELT publishing.  Teachers want more supplementary stuff, which squeezes publishing companies, who then squeeze authors.  Everyone gets squeezed and nobody wins.  And most specifically, one size does not fit all.  Cleansing coursebooks of all taboo subjects (love, alcohol, tattoos, LGBT, etc) does not promote equality, diversity or inclusion – or indeed help an ESOL student settle effectively in the UK!

5.  Think outside the box (apologies for the cliche)

Steve Brown is a world changer.  Last year he spoke about how we have to embrace the PARSNIPs (taboo topics – Politics, Alcohol, Religion, Narcotics, -isms and Pork) in the ESOL classroom.  I couldn’t agree more.  These are important topics for my learners.  Interacting with these topics helps understand the social intricacies of the country they live in.

This year, Steve once again pushed the boundaries and got everyone thinking.  He questioned whether the activities we give our learners truly meet their needs and truly get them thinking critically about the world around them – and whether the environment in which we operate truly allows us to teach them what they need.  You can watch the full video at the British Council website. 

Were you at IATEFL Brighton?  What five things do you plan to do before IATEFL 2019?

Check out my online courses! Click the laptop to find out more!

Emily Bryson ELT. Engaging Learners with Simple Drawings. Graphic Facilitation for English Language Teaching Professionals. Online Course. Group Programme. Simple drawing of a laptop with the text 'online course'.

Emily Bryson ELT Sharing Lives Sharing Languages Report

Watch out IATEFL, here I come!


I’m off to wonderful Brighton again for an intense week of inspiration from the world’s most innovative ELT professionals at the IATEFL conference.  I look forward to leaving  bursting with ideas as usual.

For those of you that can’t make it, I promise to share some of those ideas here after the event.  For those of you that can make it, please come and see me at the following times:

My workshop: Sharing Lives, Sharing Languages (Peer Education for Language Acquisition), Room 6, Thursday 12th April from 2.20-3.05pm.  Here I will share all the exciting things that we achieved during the Scottish Refugee Council’s SLSL project 

Book signing: I will be signing copies of my first book, The A-Z of ESOL, at the BEBC stand on Thursday 12th of April from 3.50-4.20pm

I hope to see you there!

Emily Bryson 'COLA' acronym - creating opportunities for language acquisition

The importance of COLA: Creating Opportunities for Language Acquisition.

So I’ve read that blog posts should have snappy titles.  I hope that this one was snappy enough.  I even created a new acronym there!  Gotta love acronyms!COLA

Having taught ESOL for more than ten years, one thing that is very clear to me is how quickly students that are engaged in their community acquire the language whilst more isolated students can struggle with their communication.  I’ve had students that use their English at work, a volunteer placement or a local football club speaking to me in broad and confident local dialect (Glaswegian in my case). It goes without saying that when it comes to my teaching, I’m very much a proponent of getting them out there into the big bad world to use their language.

I’d like to share some tips and ideas that have helped me get my learners out of their ESOL bubbles and into the wild over the years:


Peer Education – The Scottish Refugee Council‘s Sharing Lives Sharing Languages project that I managed last year, was born specifically to get ESOL learners out there.  It basically trains local community members (whether they are native or non-native speakers) to be peer educators and support ESOL learners to get to know people and use their English outside of class.  The pilot project was delivered by organisations in four local authorities, including Dundee International Women’s Centre, Aberdeenshire Workers’ Educational Association, Midlothian Council, and Renfrew YMCA.  Outcomes included the establishment of an international women’s group that meet regularly to cook, chat, meet other community groups and visit local places of interest as well as learners joining local community gardening projects and walking groups.

You can find more information at the link above and I do plan to blog in more detail about this in the future. I’ll also be speaking about this at IATEFL Brighton 2018 (2.20pm Thursday 12th April).  It would be great to see you there!

Promote opportunities  I like to promote any opportunity that get students out there.  This could be volunteering, training or employment.   I like to promote volunteer opportunities with charities in the local area or encourage students to visit their local volunteer centre.  I also like to promote all things that support students to find employment or boost their skills.  Any interesting jobs, courses or support agencies I come across, I promote through a reading lesson with the leaflet, or helping them to write personal statements and covering letters. Whenever I get the chance I’ll get networking to arrange guest speakers.  One of the most recent speakers was Mozafar from a great little volunteer led organisation called Code Your Future, the (free) coding school for refugees.

Social opportunities – There are lots of great community centres and free events out there.  Most students have hobbies, whether it is embroidery, football or African drums. I like to bring in leaflets of events and social clubs in the local area and use them for reading activities or conversation starters. I also recommend helping students search through meetup.com for local groups that interest them.  Sewing bees have a reputation for being places to have a good natter… so why not get students to go along for a natter and to show off their handiwork?

Class trips – Everyone loves a class trip!  Trips can show students what the local area has to offer and give them the confidence to go there themselves.  Moreover, it’s great team-building for the students and they can practise their English and learn about local organisations, services and places of interest.

While I really enjoy trips to local museums, art galleries and areas of natural beauty, my preference recently has been for places that students don’t have the opportunity to visit outside class time or that increase their opportunities for community involvement.

For example, I love visiting the local fire station because fire prevention is important, knowing when (and when not) to call the emergency services is important and sitting in a fire engine is fun!  I also love visiting places of worship, such as a Sikh Gurdwara or a local Synagogue; because intercultural communication and understanding is essential in a multicultural, multilingual ESOL class.

Language Learning in the Wild  This is a European funded project that has lots of inspiring ideas to get students using their language naturally in the community.  The Icelandic Village, for example, encourages learners to record conversations while they are interacting with sales assistants, librarians and waiting staff (with their permission, of course).  They can then use this to reflect on the interaction and practise their language in the classroom.

Get the A-Z of ESOL Yes, it is a shameless plug.  But when I wrote the 26 photocopiable lessons, the tenets above were very much at its core and there are loads of lessons that promote all of the above.  For example:

  • K is for Knowing the local community and is based on the context of adverts for social clubs.  It leads on to supportive discussions allowing students to reflect on which local groups they might like to join.
  • S is for Services and is a great lesson to prepare students for emergencies (or for a trip to a local fire station).  Students learn essential vocabulary for emergencies then critically evaluate which emergency service to call (or not to call) in a variety of scenarios before role playing a 999 call.
  • V is for Volunteering gets students talking about volunteering and supports them to complete a volunteer application form.

I hope these hints and tips get your students out there.  Do you have any other ideas? Please share them in the comments.

Check out my online courses. Click the laptop to find out more!

Emily Bryson ELT. Engaging Learners with Simple Drawings. Graphic Facilitation for English Language Teaching Professionals. Online Course. Group Programme. Simple drawing of a laptop with the text 'online course'.

Emily Bryson ELT image of very deep snow in Glasgow. Picnic table with 40cm of snow.

Snow days: The Beast from the East (in past tense)

Milngavie snow
40 cms of snow in Glasgow.

I was planning on posting my very first blog post this weekend.  It was going to be about getting students out and about and using their English OUTSIDE the classroom.  But since the ‘Beast from the East’ has kept most of the UK well and truly INSIDE, I felt it more topical to start off with a topical snow blog.

Snow has brought most of the UK to a standstill for the last few days.  College being closed meant lots of long, pretty (and cold) walks in Kelvingrove park for me.  It also meant hosting a lovely Belgian Erasmus+ visitor whose flight got cancelled on Wednesday.  After much Skyscanning, Trainlining and rebooking and cancelling of planes, trains and automobiles, she is now en-route to Brussels (via Malta)!

I very much enjoyed finding out about the Belgian approach to teaching the Dutch to Speakers of Other Languages, sampling Belgian chocolates and introducing her to new whiskies.  So the Beast from the East hasn’t been all bad at all!

It also inspired me to write a lesson all about snow, which I’m willing to share with y’all.

I’ve been working on past tense with my elementary class, and what better way to revise past tense than to give them some useful phrases to use for talking about and emailing their friends about snow? This lesson introduces useful vocabulary associated with snow days along with past tense regular and irregular verbs. Students read and then write an email to a friend about the things that they did in the snow (or things they did when avoiding the snow)!

Title: Snow days_EmilyBrysonELT_A2_PastTenseReview

Skill: Reading and Writing

Level: A2

Language: Past tense (regular and irregular)

Check out my online courses. Click the laptop to find out more!

Emily Bryson ELT. Engaging Learners with Simple Drawings. Graphic Facilitation for English Language Teaching Professionals. Online Course. Group Programme. Simple drawing of a laptop with the text 'online course'.